20 Effective Counseling Methods for Troubled Students
It is a common misconception that there are not any serious requirements of counselling for young people. Their behavior changes, stress episodes, or temper losses are dismissed as a phase. But these can leave lasting effects on their adult lives if not dealt with at an early stage.
In this article, we will walk through the best twenty counselling approaches for handling student issues. Being aware of these methods will also help students find the right guidance when they need it.
- Psychodynamic counseling
It involves building a strong connection between counselor and student. Some of the processes through which it is done include projective tests, dream interpreting, free association, and hypnotism.
- Humanistic counselling
This method is rooted in the belief that people already possess the qualities they need to succeed. It encourages students to become more curious, creative, intuitive and show empathy and humility.
- Interpersonal counselling
An approach focused on diagnosis, interpersonal counselling approaches mental health issues as medical illness. It is a time limited technique through which students learn that their problems are instigated by environmental stress factors.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
CBT is a combination of both behavioral and cognitive approaches. The researchers from USA Writings believe that this type of therapy particularly focuses on how behaviors and thoughts dictate the feelings of a person under any situation.
- Existential therapy
Existentialism is the philosophy of examining the question of our existence. The therapy rooted in this is not a direct attempt for curing symptoms of a client. Instead, these therapists work with the student to examine their unfulfilled potential and desires.
- Rational emotive therapy
This therapy was developed during mid-1900s by Albert Ellis which is a type of CBT as well. It perceives the distress of a student as a function of faulty and irrational thinking. The therapist examines cognitive appraisals of the client to identify which events might have created the outcome.
- Mindfulness based counselling
In this type of therapy, the student needs to pay attention to their current emotions and thoughts. It is inspired by Buddhist culture, where acceptance and open mindedness is a way to respond to troubling thoughts.
- Constructionist therapy
It is connected to the meaning we construct by regarding the world around us. Language is perceived as the main source through which people find meaning in themselves and others. Professionals from essay writing service USA underlined that this therapy encourages students to actively participate in discussions related to their perceptions.
- Reality therapy
Developed back in the 1950s by William Glasser. He presented the theory of choice, which focuses on how individuals hold the power to control their behavior. It helps students to establish control on their lives and build meaningful relationships.
- Systematic therapy
This highlights the influences of how patterns used across a school or family system can affect student psychology. The systematic method treats the system itself instead of solely focusing on the individual client. Other people surrounding the student might be called in to help with the therapy.
- Creative therapy
There are different art mediums involved in this therapy to improve the well-being of the student. It consists of using music and art to foster positivity and promote self-healing. Clients are urged to tak part in projects clay modelling and collages to express themselves.
- Narrative therapy
As evident, narrative therapy is focused upon stories. Everyone has their individual story and though it they perceive their surroundings. Counselors using this method help clients to create alternate and more successful stories for themselves.
- Integrative therapy
This therapy brings together several others including cognitive, behavioral, and humanistic methods. It analyzes the students’ mental health requirements from various points including age and experiences.
- Special needs therapy
Students with ADD, ADHD, or other disorders require highly expert counselors. Their therapies are focused both on their disability alongside their academic problems. Teachers, parents, and school administration also need to become a part of it time to time.
- Group counseling
This has many benefits when it comes to student counseling. Students with similar issues are brought together. Communication and empathy are developed greatly through it.
- Conflict resolution
In this counselors guide students towards identifying and remedying troublesome behavior. They teach how to diffuse issues in the correct manner.
- Motivational enhancement
Students can receive greater motivation after going through this therapy. It has been proven to reduce problematic behavior and improve performance.
- Family therapy
It is specifically designed to address the dynamics between students and their family and school systems. It reduces anxiety issues and improve social and learning attitudes.
- Directive counseling
This approach enables the student to learn to solve their own issues. The counselor analyses the client closely and brings about adjustments in their lives.
- Non-directive counselling
The goal of this approach is to develop independence in the student instead of finding a solution. The counselor provides all the emotional tools they need to figure themselves out. Counselling can bring about significant changes in a student s’ life. They learn to cope with different circumstances and take better decisions. On the whole they find a more positive approach to life which helps them to succeed in every way.